The health status of the communities in remote areas of Odisha where CYSD works is extremely poor, marked by high infant and maternal mortality rate, low immunisation coverage, a high prevalence of malnutrition among children, and a high incidence of malaria. A substantial number of these villages suffer from scarcity of safe drinking water. Sanitation facilities are generally limited or non-existent therefore unhygienic living conditions are commonplace and compound the overall health problem. CYSD undertakes a range of preventative and curative activities in the project locations.
CYSD provides for increase in household access to micro health insurance services available through mainstream agencies. It engages itself in building capacities of Community Health Volunteers (CHVs), provides village level training programmes to adolescent girls, conducts health check-up camps, screening camps and awareness programmes, and provides practical exposure to TBAs, and strengthens the Kalyan Samities. Continuous interaction with line departments to address the health related issues of the villages has been a regular practice of the project.